“We recognize the integral and interdependent nature of the earth, our home.” (Preamble to the Rio Declaration, Earth Summit, 1992)
We the peoples of the United Nations proclaim:
Our respect for and commitment to the values expressed in the United Nations Charter (June 26, 1945) and in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (December 10, 1948), values reaffirmed at the International Conference of Vienna (August 1993) and fully integrated into the UN Millennium Declaration.
We the peoples recognize that:
Linked inextricably to globalization, interdependence is at once an opportunity and a challenge:
- An opportunity, because global flows of people and labor, economic, scientific and cultural information, capital, and goods testify to the shaping of a community upon which the future of the planet and of humanity depends.
- A challenge, because this interdependence not only unleashes on the planet a globalization of ecological and biotechnological risks, but also creates forces of social marginalization and exclusion (economic, but also social, scientific, and cultural), and allows for the globalization of crime (from international terrorism to traffic in persons or goods), threatening the security of persons, possessions, indeed the planet itself.
We the peoples consider that:
Globalization tends to favor practices that transcend national boundaries to the profit of transnational networks organized to serve their own specific interests. Such networks function outside of and in contradiction to commonly held values and interests. Globalization demonstrates clearly the current limits of national sovereignty and calls for measures of democratic prevention, regulation and sanctions by means of common policies and common judicial institutions. The time has come to transform involuntary interdependence into a deliberate community of interdependence that chooses its own destiny. The moment has come to look at interdependence not as a set of forces to which we submit, but rather as a project in which we fully engage—simultaneously as individuals, as members of communities and distinct nations, and as citizens of the world. We must recognize our responsibility to act directly, as well as through states and communities so as to identify, defend, and promote the values and common interests of humanity.
We the peoples declare that:
Our common destiny calls for the proclamation of the principle of planetary interdependence.
This principle implies, first, that we recognize the importance of diversity founded upon the spirit of tolerance and pluralism; second, that we set in motion the integrative processes that bring together individuals, institutions, states, and the international community.
The implementation of this principle involves:
- the reaffirmation of the fundamental rights of individuals of the present as well as future generations in a global democratic society that respects public order at both national and supranational levels .
- the recognition that the exercise of power on a global scale—whether it be economic, scientific, religious, cultural, or even that of the media—implies the corollary of global responsibility for all the effects of this exercise of power
- the encouragement of sovereign states to recognize the necessity of combining supranational public order with a defense of the common values and interests to which their commitment is indispensable
- the development of institutions representing regional international communities, while at the same time reinforcing both the world community and global civil society—all this with the goal of articulating a common policy for the regulation of global forces, the prevention of global risks, and the suppression of global crime.
San Francisco, June 26 2005, at the Summit celebrating the 60th anniversary of the signature of the UN Charter which came into force on 24 October 1945.Presented to the Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan and to the President of UN general Assembly, Jan Eliasson, on October 24 2005, 60th Anniversary of the Organization.
ATLAN Henri, Bio-physicist and philosopher, France
BOLGER James, former Prime Minister of New Zealand
DELMAS-MARTY Mireille, University Law Professor, France
DREIFUSS Ruth, former President of Swiss Confederation
EVANS Gareth, President ICG, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Australia
FRASER Malcolm, former Prime Minister, Australia, Chairman of the InterAction Council
GOLDMAN Sacha, Secretary-General, International Collegium, France
HALPERIN Morton, Director of U.S. Advocacy, Open Society Institute,USA
HESSEL Stephane, Ambassador of France
KUCAN Milan, former President of Slovenia
LEVITTE Jean-David, Ambassador of France in USA, Washington DC
MORIN Edgar, Philosopher, France
OULD ABDALLAH Ahmedou, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General in West Africa, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mauritania
PASSET René, Economist, France
RAMOS Fidel, former President of the Philippines
ROBIN Jacques, Philosopher, Founder of ‘Transversales’, France
ROBINSON Mary, former United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights,
former President of Ireland
ROCARD Michel, former Prime Minister of France
SAHNOUN Mohamed, Ambassador of Algeria
VAN AGT Andreas, former Prime Minister of the Netherlands
VASSILIOU George, former President of the Republic of Cyprus
VIRILIO Paul, Philosopher, France
VON WEIZSÄCKER Richard, former President of the Federal Republic of Germany
PASTRANA Andres, former President of Columbia
QUIROGA Jorge, former President of Bolivia
CAMPBELL Kim, former Prime Minister of Canada
MEIDANI Rexhep, Former President of the Republic of Albania
LEE Hong Koo, Former Prime Minister of Korea